Archibald Alison (d. May 17, 1839) was a Scottish author. He was born to Patrick Alison, provost of Edinburgh (and wife), in Edinburgh on November 13, 1757.
After studying at the university of Glasgow and at Balliol College, Oxford, he took orders in the Church of England, and was appointed in 1778 to the curacy of Brancepeth, near Durham. In 1784 he married Dorothea, youngest daughter of Professor Gregory of Edinburgh.
The next twenty years of his life were spent in Shropshire, where he held in succession the livings of High Ercall, Roddington and Kenley. In 1800 he removed to Edinburgh, having been appointed senior incumbent of St Paul's Chapel in the Cowgate. For thirty-four years he filled this position with much ability, his preaching attracting so many hearers that a new and larger church was built for him. His last years were spent at Colinton. near Edinburgh, where he died on the 17th of May 1839.
Alison published, besides a Life of Lord Woodhouseke, a volume of sermons, which passed through several editions, and a work entitled Essays on the Nature and Principles of Taste (1790), based on the principle of association . His elder son, Dr William Pulteney Alison (1790-1859), was a distinguished Edinburgh medical professor.