Agenor Bardoux (15 January 1829-23 November 1897) was a French statesman and republican. A native of Bourges, he was established as an advocate at Clermont, and did not hesitate to proclaim his republican sympathies. In 1871 he was elected deputy of the National Assembly, and re-elected in 1876 and in 1877. In the chamber he was president of the group of the centre-left, standing strongly for the republic but against anti-clericalism. In the republican chamber elected after May 16, 1877, he became minister of public instruction (December 1877), and proposed various republican laws, notably on compulsory primary education. He resigned in 1879. He was not re-elected in 1881, but in December 1882 was named senator for life.