Peter Ludwig Berger (born March 17, 1929) is an American sociologist well known for his work The Social Construction of Reality (New York, 1966).
Berger was born in Vienna and emigrated to the United States shortly after World War II. In 1949 he graduated from Wagner College with a Bachelor of Arts. He continued his studies at the New School for Social Research in New York (M.A. in 1950, Ph. D. in 1952).
In 1955 and 1956 he worked at the Evangelische Akademie in Bad Boll, Germany. From 1956 to 1958 Berger was an assistant professor at the University of North Carolina; from 1958 to 1963 he was an associate professor at Hartford Theological Seminary. The next stations in his career were professorships at the New School for Social Research, Rutgers University, and Boston College. Since 1981 Berger has been Professor of Sociology and Theology at Boston University, and since 1985 also director of the Institute for the Study of Economic Culture.
The influential sociological works of Berger include:
Invitation to Sociology: A Humanistic Perspective (1963)
The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge (1966, with Thomas Luckmann)
The Sacred Canopy: Elements of a Sociological Theory of Religion (1967)
Today he writes on the sociology of religion and capitalism: for example, The Capitalist Spirit: Toward a Religious Ethic of Wealth Creation (editor, 1990).
Berger is doctor honoris causa of Loyola University, Wagner College, the University of Notre Dame, the University of Geneva, and Munich University. He is an honorary member of many scientific associations.