Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber (August 12, 1644 - May 3, 1704) was a Bohemian composer and violinist.
He was born in Wartenberg (now Stráž pod Ralskem, Czech Republic). In 1684 he became Kapellmeister in Salzburg, where he died twenty years later.
His prolific works show a predilection for canonic use and harmonic diapason that pre-date the later Baroque works of Johann Pachelbel and Johann Sebastian Bach. He was known as a violin virtuoso and is best known for his violin works, many of which employ scordatura (unconventional tunings of the open strings). He wrote much choral and chamber music, concerti, operas and a number of more well-known pieces such as the "Nightwatchman" Serenade and "Harmonia Artificiosa."
16 "The Rosary Sonatas" in scordatura
8 violin sonatas,
Missa Sancti Henrici
Missa Scala Aretina
Missa Christi resurgentis
Sonata "La battalia"
Mensa sonora (Sonatas for 2 Viol.,Viola und Baß)
Die "Sonatae Tam Aris Quam Aulis servientes" for 6 - 8 Instruments
12 Sonatas "Fidicinium sacroprofanum"
7 Trio Sonatas "Harmonia Artificiosa Ariosa"
"Die liederliche Gesellschaft von allerley Humor"