Arthur (Art) Blakey, also known as Abdullah Ibn Buhaina, (October 11, 1919 - October 16, 1990) was an American jazz drummer and bandleader. Along with Kenny Clarke and Max Roach he was one of the inventors of the modern, bebop style of drumming. He was known as a powerful musician and a ferocious groover.
In the 1940s, he was a member of Mary Lou Williams', Fletcher Henderson's, and Billy Eckstine's bands. He converted to Islam during a long visit to West Africa in the late 1940s and briefly took the name Abdullah Ibn Buhaina.
In 1955, he and Horace Silver founded the Jazz Messengers, a hard bop group which trained many of the most important young musicians of the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s, including Wayne Shorter, Freddie Hubbard, Jackie McLean, Lee Morgan, and Branford and Wynton Marsalis. Blakey took the group over when Silver left after the band's first year. He continued performing and touring with the group into the late 1980s.