William Frank Buckley Jr. (born November 24, 1925), an American journalist, founded National Review, a prominent conservative magazine, in 1955, and the television show Firing Line in 1966.
Born in New York City to William Frank Buckley, Sr, and Aloise Steiner Buckley (the sixth of 10 children) and a 1950 graduate of Yale University, Buckley briefly served in World War II and worked for the CIA. When Buckley was a young man, his father, William F. Buckley, Sr., was an acquaintance of libertarian author Albert Jay Nock. He married Patricia Taylor of Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1950. Their son is Christopher Taylor Buckley, an essayist and humorist. In 1951, Buckley wrote his first book, God and Man at Yale, a critique of Yale University, and claimed that the school had strayed from its original, Christian mission. He then worked as an editor for The American Mercury in 1951 and 1952 before founding National Review in 1955, which he edited for many years. In 1960 Buckley helped form Young Americans for Freedom. Five years later in 1965, he ran for mayor of New York City as the candidate for the newly formed Conservative Party because of his dissatisfation with Republican candidate John Lindsay. He finished third with 13% of the vote. In 1973, he served as a delegate to the United Nations.
Buckley is a nationally syndicated newspaper columnist whose work appears in more than 300 newspapers and author of numerous books, both fiction and non-fiction. His writing style is characterized by its strict, correct grammar, strong opinions, and use of uncommon words such as eschatological.
Buckley is the author of a series of novels using the character of CIA agent Blackford Oakes. He has also authored several books about sailing.
In 1991, Buckley received the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President George H. W. Bush.
In June of 2004, Buckley relinquished his controlling shares of the National Review to a board of trustees he has selected, However, the magazine will continue to publish his syndicated column.