John Burke (1859–1937) was an American lawyer, jurist, and political leader from North Dakota. He was born on February 25, 1859 in Keokuk County, Iowa.
Burke moved to the Dakota Territory. After North Dakota was admitted to the union, he served in the state's House of Representatives in 1891 and in its Senate from 1893 to 1896. He served three terms (1907-1913) as a Democratic governor in largely Republican North Dakota. He ran for the United States Senate in 1916 but lost. From 1913 to 1921 Burke was Treasurer of the United States, under President Woodrow Wilson. He later served as a justice of the State Supreme Court in North Dakota from 1924 until his death on May 14, 1937. Burke County, North Dakota is named in his honor.