Musa Calil (Musa Jalil, Musa Djalil, Musa Dzhalil)(1906--1944) was a Soviet Tatar poet.
Musa Cälil was born as Musa Mostafa ulı Cälilov on February 15, 1906, in the village of Mostafa in the Orenburg guberniya. He began to publish poems as a teenager and became a member of the Communist party. After studying literature in Moscow, he worked as a dramaturge at the Tatar State Opera in Kazan. In 1935, the first Russian translations of his poems were published. In 1940, he became the chairman of the Tatar Literary Association and to this day is regarded as one of the most important authors in the Tatar language.
After Germany’s invasion of the USSR in June 1941, he was drafted and served as a political officer and war correspondent. In June of 1942, he was seriously wounded and captured. After a while, he joined the Wehrmacht propaganda unit for the Legion İdel-Ural under the false name Ğömärov. With his patriotic writings ("Moabit Däftäre"), he strengthened his compatriots’ will to resist the Nazists. In August of 1943, he was arrested with his comrades. On February 12, 1944, he was sentenced to death, and on August 25, 1944, he was murdered in Plötzensee. His writings were preserved by André Timmermans.