Howard Carter (May 9, 1874 - March 2, 1939) was an English archaeologist and Egyptologist famous as the discoverer of KV62 the tomb of Tutankhamun in the Valley of the Kings, Luxor, Egypt.
Childhood and Education
Carter did much work in Egypt, starting in 1891 at the age of 17. There he worked on the excavation of Basi Hassan, the gravesite of the princes of Middle Egypt, c. 2000 BC. Later he was to come under the tutelage of William Flinders Petrie.
In 1899 he was offered a position working for the Egyptian Antiquities service from which he resigned as a result of a dispute in 1905.
After several hard years, Carter was introduced, in 1907, to Lord Carnarvon (George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon), an eager amateur who was prepared to supply the funds necessary for Carter's work to continue. Soon, Carter was supervising all Lord Carnarvon's excavations.
Lord Carnarvon financed Carter's search for the tomb of a previously unknown Pharaoh, Tutankhamun, whose existence Carter had discovered. On November 4, 1922 Carter found Tutankhamun's tomb, the only unplundered tomb of a Pharaoh yet found in the Valley of the Kings, near Luxor, Egypt. On February 16, 1923 Carter opened the burial chamber and first saw the sarcophagus of Tutankhamun.
After cataloguing the extensive finds, Carter retired from archaeology and became a collector. Carter died in England in 1939 at the age of 65. The archaeologist's death at this advanced age is the most common piece of evidence put forward by skeptics to refute the idea of a curse plaguing the party that violated Tutankhamun's tomb.
Howard Carter is buried in Putney Vale Cemetery in west London, England.