Douglas C. Engelbart (born January 30, 1925 in Oregon) is an American inventor, of Norwegian descent. He is best known for inventing the computer mouse, and is a pioneer of human-computer interaction, including GUIs, hypertext, and networked computers.
Engelbart received a Bachelor's degree in electrical engineering from Oregon State University in 1948, a Bachelor of Engineering degree from UC Berkeley in 1952, and a Ph.D. from UC Berkeley in 1955.
As a World War II radio tech based in the Philippines, Engelbart was inspired by Vannevar Bush's article 'As We May Think'. After the war, following his inspiration, Engelbart quit his job as an engineer, and studied at UC Berkeley, where he got a PhD in 1955, and worked on the earliest version of the Internet, called the ARPANet. Engelbart was the primary force behind the design of the Stanford Research Institute's On-Line System, or NLS. He and his team at the Augmentation Research Center developed computer-interface elements such as bit-mapped screens, multiple windows, groupware, and the graphical user interface. He developed many of his user interface ideas back in 1968, long before the personal computer revolution. He never received any royalties for his mouse invention.
In 1995 (or 1996?) he was awarded the Yuri Rubinsky Memorial Award. In 1997 he was awarded the Lemelson-MIT Prize, and the Turing Award. In 2001 he was awarded a British Computer Society's Lovelace Medal. He continues (at age 78 in 2003) to work at the Bootstrap Institute, which he founded.