John Garfield (March 4, 1913 - May 21, 1952) was an American actor. Born Jacob Julius Garfinkle in New York City, he was sent to a school for problem children after the early death of his mother. It was there that he was introduced to boxing and acting. He won a scholarship to an acting school hosted by Maria Ouspenskaya, and made his Broadway debut in 1932. The play Golden Boy was written for him, but he was passed over for the role. He decided to leave Broadway and try his success in Hollywood. In 1938 he received critical acclaim and an Academy Award nomination for his role in Four Daughters.
Involved in liberal politics, Garfield became caught up in the McCarthy Communist scare of the late 1940s and, even though he denied having ever been a Communist, his forced testimony before the House Un-American Activities Committee damaged his career. Heart problems caused his death at the age of 39.
Academy Award Nominations
1948 - Best Actor in a Leading Role - Body and Soul
1939 - Best Actor in a Supporting Role - Four Daughters
Garfield has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 7065 Hollywood Blvd.