Francisco Tárrega (November 21, 1852 - December 15, 1909) was a Spanish composer and guitarist.
He entered the Madrid Conservatory in 1874, where he studied composition under Emilio Arrieta. By the end of the 1870s, he was teaching the guitar (Emilio Pujol was a later pupil of his) and giving regular concerts. A virtuoso on his instrument, he was known as the "Sarasate of the guitar". He later settled in Barcelona, and died there in 1909.
As well as his original works for the guitar, which include Recuerdos de la Alhambra and Danza mora, he arranged pieces by others for the instrument, including works by Ludwig van Beethoven, Frederic Chopin and Felix Mendelssohn. As with several of his Spanish contemporaries, such as his friend Isaac Albéniz, he had an interest in combining the prevailing Romantic trend in classical music with Spanish folk elements. He is considered to have laid the foundations for 20th century classical guitar technique and for increased interest in the guitar as a recital instrument.