Louis Victor Pierre Raymond, 7th duc de Broglie, generally known as Louis de Broglie (August 15, 1892 - March 19, 1987) was a French physicist.
De Broglie had a mind of a theoretician rather than one of an experimenter or engineer. De Broglie's 1924 doctoral thesis Recherches sur la théorie des quanta (tr. "Researches on the quantum theory") introduced his theory of electron waves. This included the particle-wave property duality theory of matter, based on the work of Einstein and Planck.
He won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1929 for his discovery of the wave nature of electrons, known as the de Broglie hypothesis or mécanique ondulatoire. The suggested association that any moving particle or object had an associated wave implied the possibility to build an electronic microscopes to get much better image resolution than optical ones because of shorter wavelength.
He was a member, then perpetual secretary of the Académie des Sciences. He was elected a member of the Académie française in 1944 (seat #1). He also was a Fellow of the Royal Society of London.
Ondes et mouvements (Waves and motions). 1926.
La mécanique ondulatoire (Wave mechanics). 1928.
Matter and Light: The New Physics. 1939.
The Revolution in Physics. 1953.
la théorie de la double solution. 1956.
Non-linear Wave Mechanics: A Causal Interpretation. 1960.
Physics and Microphysics. 1960.
Introduction à la nouvelle théorie des particules de M Jean-Pierre Vigier et de ses collaborateurs. 1961.
New Perspectives in Physics. 1962.
Introduction to the Vigier Theory of elementary particles. 1963.
Une tentative d'interprétation causale et non linéaire de la mécanique ondulatoire. 1963.
étude critique des bases de l'interprétation actuelle de la mécanique ondulatoire. 1963.
The Current Interpretation of Wave Mechanics: A Critical Study. 1964.
"Two seemingly incompatible conceptions can each represent an aspect of the truth ... They may serve in turn to represent the facts without ever entering into direct conflict." — De Broglie (Dialectica) (see also General semantics).